Blog Bryaceae Bryum gróhirzlur hnokkmosaætt hnokkmosar Mosar

Bryum – cock mosses

Bryum argenteum, a silver cap, grows on the streets and steps, within the sandy soil. – Mild. AHB.

Within the genus Bryum Hedw. – Cogworms – which belong to Bryaceae (nosebleed), are almost 200 well-defined species. Nevertheless, this is solely about half of those who have been described. The genus has long been troublesome, and other people haven’t been single-minded about easy methods to outline species. Work has been underway on researching the litter in recent times and dividing it into several new genera. This work is just not over, so here we’ll talk about the geniuses after an previous custom.

Bryum species often develop in small tufts or upholstery, not often dispersed within different species. They develop mainly on naked soil, in chips or in incrustations and in the rocks. It isn’t uncommon for them to develop in locations, where there’s some hazard reminiscent of frost heave, grazing, common water move or the like.

The crops are either undiscovered or branched. Typically the sheets are evenly distributed all through the stem, whereas the other is just not unusual, the leaves being the most important and densest on the prime of the rod. Leaves are relatively broad, often oval or lenticular, protruding into odd and barely healed. Bleached is clean or beautiful. Reef is clear, ends under the journal or walks out of the bladder. Cells are relatively giant, often tiny or hexagonal. Typically, marginal leaves are positioned on particular, slender and long cells, which type a definite perimeter, which is one or two cell layers in thickness. An necessary diagnostic function is whether or not the primer blade is totally different in colour from the other elements of the sheet.

It is very important distinguish between characterization and bisexual species throughout evaluation. On most bisexual species, female and male strains sit on the stem. A small quantity are each hirzla on their shoots and it is often more durable to differentiate them for species. Grasshoppers or buckets are often dripping or debilitating. Most often, the neck is marked on the buckles, which tapers down into the stem. There are spare elements on it. The bark is egg-, pear- or chilly however might be irregular. On prime of the bucket is a lid, convex or conical, typically with a tot. Over the whole of the green hair is a hood whereas it is maturing. The cap is moderately small and is launched comparatively shortly. Underneath the cap there’s little openings on the buckle, which is a pair of two toothpastes, outer and inside. In the outer dental crown there are 16 tooth, that are positioned in crossbeams and type a lovely pattern. Between these beams are so referred to as intermediate beams. Betting is to take a look at the pattern of the beams on the outer tooth of the tooth of the tooth. An inner crane is shaped of in a different way high base membranes, with 16 inner tooth rising between the outer tooth. Inner tooth are colorless or yellowish, typically pitted and clear. In addition to these tooth, there are 1-Four cell strands between the interior tooth. They are in a different way mature, they will have horns and nodules, but typically they’ve little, and in a single species they have disappeared (primarily in species with giant spores).

As talked about earlier, there are some uncertainties concerning the individual species of the genus. In the Multitask of the Natural History Institute n: r 44 (Bergþór Jóhannsson 2003) there are 40 species. In the evaluate, a couple of species have been merged and different varieties have been added to subspecies or styles of other species. In line with this assessment (AHB Ecology n: r xx), listed here are 33 varieties.

Bryum diagnostic key:

INTRODUCTORY KEY

1 Crops with mature rhizomes and entire inner and exterior crane probes and full spores ….. Key A
1 Seedlings and not using a greenhair or they don’t seem to be mature ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2 Sheets clearly stumbled (right to take a look at many sheets) ……………….. Key B
2 Blades edged or curved however with a distinct stitch ………………………………….. 3

3 With tumor necrosis or tumor cysts within the tumors, which fall simply ……………….. Key C
3 No tumors in the tumors ……………………………………… ………. 4

Four With neoplasm on the issues ……………………………………… ……….. Key D
4 With out the tumors of the lineage. (If unsure, select this merchandise) ……………………………. 5

5 Crops historically with silver shade; blades compact, convex with a broad, white or colorless patch. Small sort, often in dense foliage on a barely overgrown ground ……………………….. B. argenteum
5 Different crops ………………………………………. …………. 6

6 Leaves far down, broad strip, broad-triangular with brief odd. Spells ……….. B. weigelii
6 Blades deposited in smaller strips or not deposited ……………………… 7

7 Leaves and rods gloss very, dark green or more typically scarred. Sheet cells slender (size 6-10-fold extensive). Typically on moist cliffs or barely overgrown soil …………………………………… B. alpine (uncertain sort)
7 Sheets and poles of gloss do not seem outstanding. Not a scrap of … 8

eight Leaves spread round or above the center; relatively straight, dry leaves typically wrapped around a stem. Broad cells, typically> 20 µm – ………………………………….. …………………… 9
eight Leaves spread under the center; dry leaves not wrapped around a stem. blade Cells 40 µm diameter ………………… B. warneum
4 Baukur small pear-shaped, eyelid. Spore equal to 25-35 µm in diameter …………………….. B. arcticum

5 Balloons spread round or just above the center. Leaves moderately flax, typically wrapped around a stem when dry. Broad cells, typically> 20 µm broad, primer typically reddish ………………………………. 6
5 Balloons spread on the middle. Sheets not wrapped around a stalk. blade Cells 20 µm diameter ………………… eight
7 Threads nicely matured with distinct angles. Spores relatively small, often 2.5-fold width …………………………………….. … 11

11 Spores giant, often 40-50 µm in diameter. Stems longer than 3 cm. Grohirzluop little. Bumps brief and swear, length 2.5-Three-fold width ………….. B. longisetum
11 My spores, often Three-fold width ………………………………………. ……….. 12

12 Leaves chilled with a brief, twisted sew. Greenhaired pink or reddish brown. Between the jaws of the outer tooth are sometimes a number of holes within the lower half or the dilution …………. B. corridor
12 Leaves with an extended, clean or twisted sew. Greenhaired yellow or reddish yellow. Streets between the beams seldom …………………….. B. archangelicum

13 Bursa brief and swear, length 1-2-fold extensive ……………………… 14
13 Baukur lengthy and slender, length 3-fold width …………………………… 16

14 Edge undetectable. Grows solely by sea. Crops reddish or brownish. Slit slender, ends significantly under journalists. Leaves stumbled or curved ……………… marratii
14 Various crops ……………………… 15

15 Leaves tripped or with brief odd. Within the decrease a part of the outer tooth are spherical holes, no intermediate bars. Bark brown or pink B. calophyllum
15 Leaves shrink shortly and prolong into an extended, tendon or hemisphere. No holes in the outer tooth, but intermittent springs. Baukur beige to brown, by no means pink …………… B. warneum

16 Tooth within the outer toothbrush opaque, brown within the decrease half and with occasional intervertebral …… B. arcticum
16 Tooth within the outer toothbrush transparent, yellow and without intermittent ……………… B. pallens

17 Bisexuals …………………………….. 18
17 Traits ………………………………… 22

18 Crops very small, at most 1.5 cm in peak with out greenery. Neoplasms of breeding, brown or reddish brown, 35-60 x 50-90 µm …………………………. B. sauteri
18 Larger Crops With out Tumors on Breeders 19

19 Baukur long-sleeved and irregular, open-minded. Internal tooth with slender holes along the center. Intermittent nodules or brief horns … B. Intermediate
19 Baukur oblong and cylindrical. Internal tooth with extensive holes along the center. Intermediate corners and well-matured ……………………………………… .. 20

20 Sheets evenly distributed on a stalk and with a brief sting. Ribs prolong in the journal or brief out of the bladder. B. pseudotriquetrum was. bimum
20 leaves most of them in a cluster at the prime and with an extended sting. Reefs prolong far past the bladder ………….. 21

21 Spores small, 12-16 µm in diameter. Inside garland tooth are broad and with giant holes. Crops no greater than 2 cm, slightly branched ………………………………. B. creberrimum
21 Medium-sized spores, 18-22 µm in diameter. Inside garlands tooth are large and with smaller, oval holes. Crops will probably be as much as Four cm, very branched ………………………………. B. pallescens

22 Crops silver or white green. Forex leaf colorless but decrease green ……….. B argenteum
22 Various crops ……………………….. 23

23 Extensive strip of a scroll, even right down to the subsequent sheet. Leaves broad-cast and triangular, most often spiked, not often stumbled ……………………. B. weigelii
23 Various Crops …………………………….. 24

24 Sheets Clearly Stumbled ………………………….
24 Sheets threaded or curved with a stitched shoulder …………….. 25

25 Sheet base pink, totally different colour than different elements of paper ………………. 26
25 Sheet base not totally different in colour than different elements of paper ………………. 28

26 Sheets evenly distributed by rod. Sheets short-edged, ribs end up in a leaf piece or close to the leaf. Stalking up to 11 cm in peak. Fringes large, many rows of thick, lengthy and slender cells. Blades 2-Four mm, often lit for the entrance …. B. pseudotriquetrum
26 Sheets tightened on the prime of the rod. Sheets short- or long-edged, ribs often prolong far past the blades …… 27

27 Bisexual crops, often special male and female buttons ………………….. B. pallescens
27 Crops Distinctive. Leaves of oval to a follicular, long-edged, slightly convex, leafy leaf infinite. At occasions tumor cysts in the tumors ……………………………….. B. caespiticium

28 Sheets evenly distributed on a rod. Crops typically minimize, 3-6 cm tall, yellow or mild inexperienced. Cellulite cells clearly exhibit, brown or yellowish. The openings of mature and damp buckets about half the dimensions of the buckle itself. On dry and drained buckle is far wider and buckle bumps under …………. B. schleicheri
28 Various Crops ………………. 29

29 Sheets with distinct marginal cells, two cell layers in thickness ……………….. B. pallens
29 Sheets with indistinguishable peripheral cells, if only then one cell layer is seen …………… 30

With tumor pellets or threads within the tumors …………….. KEY C
30 Without Tumors and Threads ……………………… 31

31 With tumor cells in the lineage (look for good) ………………………… DURATION D
31 With out the tumors of the verdict ……………………….. 32

32 Baukur broadleaf, length about 2-fold broad. Surface cells so thin, that the bucket is shortly destroyed … B. dichotomum
32 Crops different method. It’s unlikely that they can be distinguished by species.

Key B
Species with kind of cussed leaves

1 Stacked tumor necrosis. Sheet purple; shade differs from other elements of the paper. Uncommon sort ……………………………………….. …………. B. vermigerum (see also key C)
1 No tumors in the tumors ……………………………………… ………………………………………….. ….. 2

2 Broad and lengthy strips downloaded. Leaves broad-triangular with brief odd. Crops often mild pink to darkish purple ………………………………. …………………… B. weigelii
2 Blades deposited in smaller strip or not deposited …………………………………… ……………. 3

Three Bladder cells of thick and really lengthy and slender cells, length of 5-10-fold width ………………. 4
Three Bladder cells equal to begging, size as much as 5-fold width ……………………………….. ………………….. 5

Four Sheets and shoots glaze, dark inexperienced to bronze in colour ………………………………… B. alpine
4 Sheets and shoots do not shine. Not a shade in colour. No tumors in blades ….. Anomobryum julaceum

5 Sheets with a definite and well-defined perimeter …………………………………… ……………. 6
5 Sheets with Undisturbed Perimeter ……………………………………… …………………………………… 7

6 Purple background; colour of the base differs tremendously from different elements of the paper ….. B. pseudotriquetrum
6 Colour on the bottom doesn’t differ from different elements of the paper. Often sprouts purple to hemoglobin on the prime. ….. B. cryophilum

7 Unfold two cell plots in thickness …………………………………….. …… eight
7 Spreads one cell layer in thickness …………………………………….. …… 9

8 Spreads pink to hemoglobin. Signs, not found in Iceland … … cryophilum
8 Doesn’t unfold pink. Bisexual, typically with hives ……………………………………… … B. calophyllum

9 Crops 1-2 cm, ribs outstanding pink and broad backside ………………………………. … B. muehlenbeckii
9 Crops Zero.Three-1.5 cm, ribs yellowish or yellowish-brown, slender bottom, Grows solely by sea ………. marratii

Key C
Species with nodular or spelled tumor necrosis in gumshells.

1 Neoplasmic nodules, kind of spherical or flat …………………………….. ………… 2
1 tumor measurement, size larger than 10 occasions the width (not confused with the subtleties) …………… x

2 Adult pink (on prime row), solely in the backside leaf. Non-leaflet normalized tumor from a number of equal cells …………………………….. ……………………… see KEY D
2 Inexperienced tumor, primarily on the higher a part of the shoot. Often, scraps are evident …………………….. Three

Three White papers are clearly distinguished from different elements of the paper (seen in dry specimens). It typically sprays with silver. Tumors typically giant and scarce ………………………. B. argenteum
Three Various crops ………………………………………. ………………………………………… 4

Four Leaves broad-oval and clearly short-edged ………………………………… ……….. B. dichotomum
4 Blades of slender oval and long-lived ……………………………………. ………………………………. 6

5 Bladder cells, length of cells up to 5-fold extensive ……………………….. B. dichotomum
5 Heavy, very long and slender bladder cells, size 10-fold vast …. Anomobryum julaceum

6 Leaves cussed, curved or clean (rare) ………………………………. .. B. vermigerum
6 Magazines Ever Accomplished ………………………………………. ………………………………………….. ………… 7

7 Leaves markedly lowered to a slender strip, very robust perimeter. Progress sort ………………….. B. pseudotiquetrum
7 Leaves little or nothing downloaded, perimeter indistinct or slender. Quite small sort ………. B. pallens

HAPPY D
Species with neoplasms within the lineage

1 Sheets spread round or just above the middle. …………………………….. 2
1 Sheets unfold at the middle ……………………………………. ……….. 3

2 Edge vague, Zero-2 (-3) long and slender cells. Leaves round or broad-oval, very convex. Ribs prolong slightly past the leaf. Dry sheets not wrapped round a rod ……………………………………. .. B. elegans
2 very distinct margins, (2) 3-7 long and slender cells. Leaves tongue-to-narrow, clean or slightly convex. Reefs often go far past the bladder. Dry blades tightly tightened over stem ………………………………………. B. capillaries

3 Leaves convex, oval or narrow-oval, tripped. Reefs robust, particularly within the decrease a part of the paper, ends under the journalists ………………………………. …………………………… B. muehlenbeckii
3 Blades of narrow-oval formed to lens-shaped, sharp-edged …………………………………..

4 Sheet cells slender, length 6-10-fold extensive. Leaves and shoots very shine, dark inexperienced or brown to reddish … B. alpine
4 Balloons wider, length Three-6 occasions large ………………………………… ……………… 5

Upper tumor tumors, inexperienced, obtain (1-5) in every, (120-) 200-600 µm in length, distinct leaves. (see additionally KEY B) ………. B. dichotomum
5 No tumors within the tumors ……………………………………… …………………… 6

6 Leafbone exuded on probably the most numerous blade. Ribs prolong far beyond the bladder and type a high-resilient tip that is full or low in tooth ……………………………. ……………………. B. caespiticium
6 Leaf strip clean or barefoot. Reef does not attain or in need of bladder ………………. 7

7 Sexual inequalities, usually 100 µm (average) ………………………… 10

eight Lichens to purple purple to purple; without standing cells B. violaceum
eight Neoplasms of pale brown to brown, never violet; with or without standing cells 9

9 Seedlings of hemoglobin breeds to black-red, round with protruding cells.
9 Neoplasms of the breeding edge to the reddish-brown, pear-pearl, both without or with the excipient cells … B. sauteri

Neoplasms of pale yellow to citrus yellow, globular, usually 120-180 µm broad with distinctly yellowing cells … B. tenuisetum
10 tumors of the breeding edge, reddish-brown or pink, never yellow, giant, equal to> 190 µm in width. B. subapiculatum

Byrum
algovicum Sendtn. ex Müll. Hal. – hagahnokki
archangelicum Bruch & Schimp. – rindahnokki
ssp. imbricatum (Schwägr.) Bruch & Schimp. – (barmock)
arcticum (R. Brown) Bruch & Schimp. – heath cot
was. Arctic
was. purpurascens (R.Brown) Ångström – (mountain hut)
argenteum hedw. – Silver cap
barnesii Wood ex Shimp. – island cap
caespiticium Hedw. – forest dock
calophyllum R.Brown – sandhokki
capillary hedw. – screw cap
creberrimum Taylor – deigluhnokki
cryophilum martensson – jöklahnokki
curvatum Kaur. & H. Arn. – ravine
dichotomum hedw. – road cock
magnificence Brid. – holtahnokki
intermedium (Brid.) Bland. – a corner cooker
ssp. Intermedium
ssp. nitidulum Kindb. – (small cap)
klinggraeffii Schimp. – Pool cap
knowltonii Barnes – pollahnokki
laevifil Syed – threadless
longisetum Bland. ex Schwaegr. – puffin
marratii Wils. – seashore hockey
muehlenbeckii Bruch & Schimp. – skrauthnokki
neodamense Itzigsohn ex Müll. Hal. – fenjahnokki
pallets Swartz – sytruhnokki
was. pallens
was. rutilans Brid. – (climbing cam)
pallescens Schleicher ex Schwägr. – glacier nebula
pseudotriquetum (Hedw.) P. Gaertn. & al – kelduhnokki
hall Limpr. – seashore hat
sauteri Bruch & Schimp. – ylhnokki
schleicheri Lam. & Cand. – pacifier
subapiculatum Hampe – wrench
tenuisetum Limpr. – Golden cap
vermigerum H. Arn. & C. Jens. – dwarf canine
violaceum Crundw. & Nyh. – Violet cap
warneum (Röhl.) Brid. – bakkahnokki
weigelii Spreng. – animal hat

AHB / Sept. 7 2017